Marshall Islands Jellyfish

Jellyfish belong to the animal phylum that also includes corals and anemones. There are a number of species that can be found at Kwaj, not all of which are shown here. Their populations often are sporadic; sometimes they form large swarms or "smacks" so thick it is hard to swim between them, and other times individuals can hardly be found. While the classic jellyfish pulses through open water, many also pass through a stage where they are attached to the bottom, much like a coral sort of animal. Those that undergo what is sometimes called an "alternation of generations" have an interesting life cycle. Adult jellyfish produce eggs or sperm. Males release sperm into the water through their mouths, and fertilization often takes place on or in the female's body. Developing larvae are released and swim about like tiny flatworms in the plankton, and when ready, settle to the bottom to form a soft but coral-like polypoid benthic animal. As these grow, they release tiny jellies that grow into the jellyfish that again produce eggs and sperm. Not all jellies develop this way, however. Like their coral and anemone relatives, jellyfish possess stinging cells called nematocysts whose stings in humans vary in intensity from very mild to very painful.


Aequorea australis


Aequorea? sp.


Aurelia aurita


Cephea cephea


Crambione mastigophora

Mastigias papua

Netrostoma setouchianum


Timoides agassizi


Jelly



Stephanoscyphus

 

Box Jellies belong to a separate major group within the jellyfish-like animals, and are also distantly related to corals and anemones. These jellies, also called cubomedusae because the four tentacles (sometimes branched) that extend from the underside of the bell are sort of at the four corners of a square, tend to have extremely powerful nematocysts with virulent venom. One species commonly called the sea wasp along with a few other species have caused fatalities in humans. Fortunately the real sea wasp does not appear to occur at Kwaj, but at least two of the four or more box jellies we do have can produce very painful stings.


box jelly


box jelly


box jelly

Siphonophores are animals related to, but are not quite jellyfish. Some, like the floating Portuguese man-o-war, have potent nematocysts and can deliver painful stings.


Physalia physalis


Porpita porpita


Velella velella

Siphonophore
   

The jellies above do not include a few other jelly-like animals often seen in the plankton, including ctenophores and salps.

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Unless otherwise noted, all photos and text by Scott and Jeanette Johnson, In-Depth Images Kwajalein.

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